The TNM staging system is starting to be used more often. Radiotherapy Radiotherapy is the main treatment. External beam radiotherapy directs radiation at a cancer from a machine outside of the body.
Vulvar cancer, or vulval cancer, is a relatively rare type of cancer that affects the vulva, the external genital organs that protect a woman's reproductive system. It is most likely to appear in the outer vaginal lips. Typical symptoms include a lump, itching, and bleeding.
Donate Shop. This section discusses symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis and treatment of vulvar cancer also known as vulval cancer or cancer of the vulva. See information about managing treatment side effects.
Our gynecologic oncology specialists diagnose and treat dozens of patients with vaginal cancer, and are setting treatment guidelines for other physicians around the world. Because gynecologic cancers can have a wide range of physical and emotional effects, we've assembled a team of experts from many disciplines to help you and your family cope with cancer and its treatment. Our clinicians will work closely with you to develop an individualized treatment plan suited to your situation.
Being referred to a specialist does not mean that you have cancer. Very few people who are referred to a specialist actually have cancer. However, it is important that you are checked quickly to find out.
It is about 7. The cervix is at the bottom of the womb. The vulva is on the outside the body and forms the skin folds around the entrance to the vagina.
Sometimes women are their own worst enemy. They are so used to taking care of everyone else, that they sometimes fail to take care of themselves. Women need to be assertive about their own health.
Skip to Content. Use the menu to see other pages. This section explains the types of treatments that are the standard of care for vaginal cancer. When making treatment plan decisions, you are encouraged to consider clinical trials as an option.
The Bartholin's glands are located on each side of the vaginal opening. They secrete fluid that helps lubricate the vagina. Sometimes the ducts of these glands become obstructed and fluid backs up, forming a cyst.
Vulvar cancer is a cancer of the vulvathe outer portion of the female genitals. Risk factors include vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia VINHPV infectiongenital wartssmoking, and many sexual partners. Prevention may include HPV vaccination. Typically, a lesion presents in the form of a lump or ulcer on the labia majora and may be associated with itching, irritation, local bleeding or discharge, in addition to pain with urination or pain during sexual intercourse.